Shun-Nan Chiang and Xyrus Godfrey Capiña
International development is undergoing a paradigm shift from a focus on hunger to an increased focus on the coexistence of multiple forms of malnutrition. The comparison between the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) embodies this paradigm shift. Published in 2000, MDG set the first goal as “eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.” Under this goal, one of the main targets is to reduce half of the proportion of people who…
Determinants of Food Security of Vulnerable Rural Households at the Central Dry Zone Region of Myanmar
Theingi Myint, Hnin Yu Lwin, Thuzar Linn, and Ye Mon Aung
Food security is defined as “a situation when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for a healthy and active life” (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO] 1996).Myanmar’s Central Dry Zone region, with its fragile ecosystem is one of the most food insecure regions of the country. It is especially vulnerable to changes in climatic patterns, particularly to…
2018Policy Brief Series, Vol. 2017, No. 3
Tri Rini Nuringtyas and Dyah Ismoyowati
The increasing public awareness for a healthier lifestyle has led to a growing consumption of nutritious food products in recent years. In particular, pigmented rice has created a consumer following because of its higher nutritive value when compared with white rice.
2018Agriculture and Development Notes, Vol. 8, No. 6
Smallholder Commodity Systems in High-Value Crops: The Case of Calamansi and Jackfruit in the Philippines
Jennifer Marie S. Amparo, Robert Dyball, Federico Davila, Maria Emilinda T. Mendoza, Carla Edith G. Jimena, Dhino B. Geges, Ma. Charisma T. Malenab, and Jo Anne E. Francisco
Philippine agriculture is still predominantly smallholder production of traditional commodities such as rice and sugar(Cororaton and Corong 2009). Ironically, regions in the Philippines relying mainly on agriculture are also the poorest, and food and nutrition insecure. This includes Region IVB covering Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon, and Palawan (MIMAROPA), and Region VIII, which covers the Eastern Visayas Region of the Philippines (Balisacan 2003). Numerous interventions have failed to either…
2018Policy Brief, Vol. 2017, No. 2
The policy roundtable examined existing rice policies across the region to come up with policy recommendations that could guide policymakers and other stakeholders under current and future rice market scenarios. It also aimed to understand knowledge gaps, as well as identify activities that could be undertaken at the national and regional levels, where appropriate. Also, the event served as a venue for crafting possible policy inputs to be presented to governments across Southeast Asia.
2018Proceedings, Vol. 2018
Roehlano M. Briones
Rice is the key staple of Southeast Asia (SEA), as well as one of its most widely grown crops. The region includes some of the largest rice producers in the world, together with two of the top three exporters (Thailand and Vietnam), and two of the world’s top importers (Indonesia and the Philippines). The region has gained prominence as an early adopter of key production innovations, such as modern inbred varieties and hybrid rice.Policy is a key driver of the rice economy, alongside market…
2018Discussion Paper Series, Vol. 2017, No. 3
Food Security Potentials of Agroforestry Systems in Selected Upland Farming Communities in the Philippines
Arnold Karl A. Castillo, Roberto G. Visco, Reynaldo A. Comia, Roselyn F. Paelmo, Rowena Esperanza D. Cabahug, Romnick S. Baliton, Leila D. Landicho, Russel Son A. Cosico, and Maryanne G. Abadillos
Food security is a global concern in general, defined in the WorldFood Summit 1996 as a situation that exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.This definition points to the four basic dimensions of food security:(1) food availability, (2) food accessibility, (3) food utilization, and (4) food stability.
2017Policy Brief, Vol. 2017, No. 1
Maria Monina Cecilia A. Villena, Gil C. Saguiguit, Jr., Bessie M. Burgos, and Maria Celeste H. Cadiz
The United Nations (UN) Committee on World Food Security (1996) defines food security as the condition in which all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Food insecurity exists when people do not have adequate physical, social, or economic access to food as defined above. Meanwhile, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA 2012)…
Jezie A. Acorda, DVM
Current management procedures for treatment of diseases and disorders in ruminants involve the use of conventional drugs and chemicals. However, with the increasing trend towards a more natural system of production, complementary and alternative therapies are being explored. Acupuncture is an ancient Chinese method of medicine which involves stimulation of different acupuncture points in the body to produce effects on different parts. It has been used for diagnosis, production of analgesia, and…
2017Discussion Paper Series, Vol. 2017, No. 2
Flordeliza A. Lantican, Ma. Celeste M. Molina, Jesus E. Lapitan, Jennifer C. Padrid, Elmer C. Suñaz, Ma. Angelica R. Cañizares, Jhuliet Arianne G. Lantican, and Loise Ann M. Carandang
This monograph focuses on the analysis of the buffalo meat value chain comprising seven types of players-input providers, farmers, agents, livestock traders, meat dealers cum wholesaler-retailers, meat processors, and retailers. It highlights the functions and major constraints of each key player in the buffalo meat value chain, and recommends strategies and interventions for upgrading the buffalo meat industry in Luzon.
2017Books on Agricultural Research and Development